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IPA and AHD symbols

21 Jun

    In my opinion, IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols are more popular but AHD (American Heritage Dictionary) symbols are easier to learn.

     A list of pronunciation symbols is given below.

VOWELS

Example

 AHD 

 IPA 

bad, cat, ran

ă

æ

marry

ăr

ær

bait, play, same

ā

hair, pear, there

âr

ɛər

father

ä

ɑː

arm, bard

är

ɑr

bed, bet, end

ĕ

ɛ

berry, merry

ĕr

ɛr

ease, see

ē[1]

about (reduced)

ə

ə

enter (reduced)

ər

ər

city, bit

ĭ

ɪ

mirror

ĭr

ɪr

here, near, peer

îr

ɪər

my, rise, pric’e

ī

fire

īr

aɪr

not

ŏ

ɒ

moral, forage

ŏr

ɒr

law, caught, saw

ô

ɔː

born, for

ôr

ɔr

go, hope, know

ō

more, four

ōr

ɔər

foot, pull

o͝o
(ŏŏ[2])

ʊ

lose, soon, through

o͞o
(ōō[2])

boor

o͝or

ʊər

boy, noise

oi

ɔɪ

house, now

ou

run, enough, up

ŭ

ʌ

hurry

ŭr

ʌr

fur, bird

ûr

ɜr

Foreign

 AHD 

 IPA 

German schön, können;
French feu, oeuf

œ

ø

German müde, French tu

ü

y

CONSONANTS

Example

 AHD 

 IPA 

but, ebb

b

b

chat, inch

ch

dot, odd

d

d

fan, leaf

f

f

get, bag

g

ɡ

ham, ahead

h

h

which

hw

hw

joy, gin, edge

j

cat, sky, tack

k

k

left, little

l

l

man, him

m

m

not, hidden

n

n

singer, ring

ng

ŋ

pen, spin, top

p

p

run, very

r

r

set, city, pass

s

s

she, ash

sh

ʃ

ton, stab, mat

t

t

thin, nothing, moth

th

θ

this, father, clothe

th

ð

voice, save

v

v

wet, aquatic

w

w

yes

y

j

zoo, rose

z

z

vision, beige

zh

ʒ

Foreign

 AHD 

 IPA 

loch, pesach

kh

x

French: bon

n

˜

SYLLABLES AND STRESS

Indication

 AHD 

 IPA 

primary stress (carried on the letter a)

aʹ

ˈa

secondary stress

ˌa

division between syllables
(not used after a stress mark)

.

Online dictionaries:
AHD: http://www.ahdictionary.com/
IPA: http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/

 
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Posted by on June 21, 2013 in Pronunciation

 

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